Annabel Latham

Title: Dr Annabel Latham
Qualifications: PhD, MSc, PGCAP, BSc(Hons)

Room E130
School of Computing, Mathematics & Digital Technology 
The Manchester Metropolitan University
John Dalton Building
Chester Street
M1 5GD

Telephone: +44 (0)161 247 1495
Email: a.latham (at)

I am a Senior Lecturer in the School of Computing, Mathematics and Digital Technology at MMU.

I am a Fellow of the HEA. I am a member of the BCS, the IEEE, the IEEE Women in Engineering Group and the IEEE Computational Intelligence Society.

I am a Vice-Chair of the IEEE UK & Ireland section Women in Engineering group. I am Chair of the IEEE CIS Education Multimedia subcommittee.

I am a 2017 committee member of the IEEE Women in Computational Intelligence subcommittee and the IEEE CIS Student Activities subcommittee.

Find me on ResearchGate and Google.

Office hours 17/18

Autumn term:

If you need to see me for more than 5 minutes it is best to email me for a dedicated appointment.

17/18 Teaching

(Level 6) Information Systems Strategy - 6G6Z1116:

(MSc) Information & Digital Media Systems - 6G7Z1002:

(MSc) Information Systems Management & Strategy - 6G7Z1007:

Research Interests

Research Students

Current PhD Students:

Completed Students:

Past Project: Adaptive Conversational Intelligent Tutoring Systems

My doctoral research investigated whether it is possible for computer agents to behave in a socially-aware manner. I have developed a Conversational Intelligent Tutoring System called Oscar, which uses a conversational agent to engage in a one-to-one tutorial discussion. Oscar aims to personalise the tutorial by dynamically estimating an individual's learning style during the tutoring conversation, and then adapting the style of tutoring to suit the individual's learning style.

Oscar Conversational Intelligent Tutoring System
video platform video management video solutionsvideo player

Past project: A Conversational Expert System for Bullying and Harassment Policies

The project involved the development of a web-based expert system to support a Bullying and Harassment policy. A Bullying and Harassment policy was knowledge engineered into a knowledge tree representation, and a dynamic GUI developed to allow users to investigate their area of interest non-laterally.  A conversational agent was included to allow natural language questions to be asked.  The expert system was generalised so that other knowledge trees designed within specified restrictions could be 'plugged in' to the system.

Conversational Expert System

Crockett, K., Latham, A., & Whitton, N. (2017). On Predicting Learning Styles in Conversational Intelligent Tutoring Systems using Fuzzy Decision Trees. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies 97, pp. 98-115, DOI:

Holmes, M., Latham, A., Crockett, K. & O'Shea JD (2017), Modelling e-learner comprehension within a conversational intelligent tutoring system. In Proceedings of IFIP World Conference on Computers in Education (WCCE 17), Dublin Ireland 3-6 July 2017

Alnajran, N., Crockett, K., McLean, D. & Latham, A. (2017), Cluster Analysis of Twitter Data: A Review of Algorithms. In Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence (ICAART17), Volume 2, pp 239-249, Portugal 24 Feb 2017 - 26 Feb 2017.

Latham, A. (2017) Flexible Online Revision Support for SQL using Oscar Conversational Intelligent Tutoring System (CITS). 1st National Conference on Computing Education Practice (CEP17), Durham University, Durham, UK, 11 Jan 2017.

Aljameel S, O'Shea JD, Crockett K, Latham A (2016), Survey of String Similarity Approaches and The Challenging Faced by The Arabic Language. The 11th IEEE International Conference on Computer Engineering and Systems (ICCES 2016), Cairo, Egypt. 20 Dec 2016.

Aljameel S, O'Shea JD, Crockett K, Latham A (2016), A Review of Current Technology-Based Intervention for School Aged Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. SAI Intelligent Systems Conference 2016, London, 21 Sep 2016 - 22 Sep 2016.

Adel, N., Latham, A.M. and Crockett, K. (2016), Towards Socially Intelligent Automated Tutors: Predicting Learning Style Dimensions from Conversational Dialogue. (UIC16) 13th IEEE International Conference on Ubiquitous Intelligence and Computing, Toulouse, France, July 18-21 2016.

Holmes, M., Latham, A., Crockett, K., O'Shea, J., Lewin, C. (2015), Hendrix: A conversational intelligent tutoring system for Java programming, 2015 IEEE UK Workshop On Computational Intelligence (UKCI 2015), September 7-9, Exeter, UK

Shabaz, K., O'Shea, J., Crockett, K, Latham, A, (2015), ANEESAH: A Conversational Natural Language Interface to Databases,Winner of Best Student Paper, 2015 World Congress on Engineering, London UK, July 2015, pp. 227-232.

Smith, EV, Crockett, K, Latham, A, Buckingham, F, Kaleem, M, (2014), SEEKER: A Conversational Agent as a Natural Language Interface to a Relational Database, 2014 World Congress on Engineering, London UK, July 2014.

Latham, A.M., Crockett, K.A. and McLean, D.A.(2014), 'An adaptation algorithm for an intelligent natural language tutoring system', Computers & Education 71, pp. 97-110. DOI:

Crockett, K, Latham, A, Mclean, D, O'Shea, J, (2013), 'A fuzzy model for predicting learning styles using behavioral cues in an conversational intelligent tutoring system', Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ), 2013 IEEE International Conference on, pp.1-8 (2013). DOI: 10.1109/FUZZ-IEEE.2013.6622382

Latham, A.M., Crockett, K.A., McLean, D.A. and Edmonds, B. (2012) 'Adaptive Tutoring in an Intelligent Conversational Agent System', Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence vol. VIII, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 7430. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 148-167

Latham, A.M., Crockett, K.A., McLean, D.A. and Edmonds, B.(2012), 'A conversational intelligent tutoring system to automatically predict learning styles', Computers & Education Journal, vol. 59 (1), pp. 95-109

Latham, A.M., Crockett, K.A., McLean, D.A. and Edmonds, B. (2011) 'Oscar: An Intelligent Adaptive Conversational Agent Tutoring System', Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 6682. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 563-572

Latham, A.M., Crockett, K.A., McLean, D.A. and Edmonds, B. (2011) 'Oscar: A Personalised Online Conversational Intelligent Tutoring System' In The CAL Conference 2011, Learning Futures: Education, Technology, Sustainability. Manchester, 13-15 April 2011. Elsevier.

Latham, A.M., Crockett, K.A., McLean, D.A. and Edmonds, B. (2010) 'Predicting Learning Styles in a Conversational Intelligent Tutoring System' Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 6483. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 131-140

Latham, A.M., Crockett, K.A., McLean, D.A., Edmonds, B. and O'Shea, K. (2010) 'Oscar: An Intelligent Conversational Agent Tutor to Estimate Learning Styles' In Proc. IEEE WCCI 2010. Barcelona, 18-23 July 2010. IEEE, pp. 2533-2540.

Latham, A, Crockett, K & Bandar, Z (2010), 'A Conversational Expert System Supporting Bullying and Harassment Policies', In: Joaquim Filipe; Ana Fred; Bernadette Sharp (Eds.). Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence. (ICAART-2010), January 22-24, Valencia, Spain, Pages 163-168, ISBN 978-989-674-021-4, INSTICC, 2010.

Latham, A, Crockett, K, McLean, D & Edmonds, B (2009), 'Using Learning Styles to Enhance Computerised Learning Systems', in Proceedings of the 2009 Annual Research Student Conference, Manchester Metropolitan University

Latham, A, Crockett, K & Bandar, Z (2008), 'An automated bullying and harassment support system with a conversational capability', in Proceedings of the 2008 Annual Research Student Conference, Manchester Metropolitan University, ISBN: 978-1-905476-367

Latham, A. (2008),"Can Automated Tutors be Socially Intelligent?", Faculty Research and Enterprise Colloquium, September 2008, MMU Faculty of Science & Engineering

Hughes, N., Latham, A., Hearn, P.(2007): Why do Foundation Year Students Fail to Attend their Classes? A Model of the Poor Attendee. Learning and Teaching In Action, Vol. 6 (3), MMU 2007.